Hi, Gordon, Jim and Leigh! The word has several meanings; excellent, capable, upright, honest, integrity and esteemed. In other words Peder Kryp was a good example of how a man would be and behave and a model.
Black people make up one of the largest of the many racial and ethnic groups in the United States. The black people of the United States are mainly of African ancestry, but many have non-black ancestors as well. In about half of the nation's 29, African Americans lived in the South.
Blacks were also concentrated in the largest cities, with more than 1 million based on the census living in both New York City and Chicago, Ill. There were black majorities in 11 major cities: Cities with from 40 to 50 percent African American populations were St.
American blacks are largely the descendants of slaves--people who were brought from their African homelands by force to work for whites in the New World. They have made basic and lasting contributions to American history and culture.
Nevertheless, their rights were severely limited and for too long they were denied a rightful share in the economic, social, and political progress of the United States. In the 16th century, some black explorers settled in the Mississippi Valley and in the areas that became South Carolina and New Mexico.
The most celebrated black explorer of the Americas was Esteban, who traveled through the Southwest in the s. The uninterrupted history of blacks in the United States began inwhen 20 Africans were landed in the English colony of Virginia.
These blacks were not slaves but indentured servants--persons bound to an employer for a limited number of years, as were many of the white settlers. By the s large numbers of Africans were being brought to the English colonies.
Write about revolt of 1857 pictures blacks numbered almostand made up nearly one fifth of the population of the United States. Attempts to hold black servants beyond the normal term of indenture culminated in the legal establishment of black slavery in Virginia in and in all the English colonies by The blacks were easily distinguished by their color from the rest of the population, making them highly visible targets for enslavement.
Moreover, the belief that they were an "inferior" race with a "heathen" culture made it easier for whites to rationalize black slavery.
The enslaved blacks, who came from populous agricultural societies, were profitably put to work clearing and cultivating the farmlands of the New World. Of an estimated 10 million Africans brought to the Americas by the slave trade, aboutcame to the territory of what is now the United States.
The overwhelming majority were taken from the area of western Africa stretching from present-day Senegal to Angola, where political and social organization as well as art, music, and dance were highly advanced.
Such African cities as Djenne and Timbuktu, both now in Mali, were at one time major commercial and educational centers. With the increasing profitability of slavery and the slave trade, African peoples fought each other to provide captives for European traders. The captured Africans were generally marched in chains to the coast and crowded into the holds of slave ships for the dreaded Middle Passage across the Atlantic Ocean, usually to the West Indies.
Shock, disease, and suicide killed off at least one sixth during the crossing. In the West Indies the survivors were "seasoned"taught the rudiments of English and drilled in the routines and discipline of plantation life.
Black Slavery in the United States Black slaves played a major, though unwilling and generally unrewarded, role in laying the economic foundations of the United States--especially in the South. Blacks also played a leading role in the development of Southern speech, folklore, music, dancing, and food, blending the cultural traits of their African homelands with those of Europe.
During the 17th and 18th centuries, African slaves worked mainly on the tobacco, rice, and indigo plantations of the Southern seaboard.
Eventually, slavery became rooted in the South's huge cotton and sugar plantations. Although Northern businessmen made great fortunes from the slave trade and from investments in Southern plantations, slavery was never widespread in the North. Crispus Attucks, an ex-slave killed in the Boston Massacre ofwas the first martyr to the cause of American independence from Great Britain.
During the Revolutionary War, some 5, black soldiers and sailors fought on the American side. After the Revolution, some slaves--particularly former soldiers-- were freed and the Northern states abolished slavery.
The Sepoy Mutiny was a violent and very bloody uprising against British rule in India in It is also known by other names: the Indian Mutiny, the Indian Rebellion of , or the Indian Revolt of + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Revolt Worksheets - showing all 8 printables. Worksheets are Brilliant public school sitamarhi class vi social, Note to teachers not all web sites listed in.
But with the ratification of the United States Constitution, inslavery became more firmly entrenched than ever in the South. The Constitution counted a slave as three fifths of a person for purposes of taxation and representation in Congress; extended the African slave trade for 20 years; and provided for the return of fugitive slaves to their owners.
The official end of the African slave trade in spurred the growth of the domestic slave trade in the United States, especially as a source of labor for the new cotton lands in the Southern interior.
Increasingly, the supply of slaves came to be supplemented by the practice of slave breeding, in which women slaves were persuaded to conceive as early as 13 years of age and to give birth as often as possible. Laws known as the slave codes regulated the slave system to promote absolute control by the master and complete submission by the slave.
The slave was a chattel--a piece of property and a source of labor that could be bought and sold like an animal. The slave was allowed no stable family life and little privacy.
He was prohibited by law from learning to read or write. The meek slave received tokens of favor from the master; the rebellious slave provoked brutal punishment.
A social hierarchy among the plantation slaves also helped keep them divided. At the top were the house slaves; next in rank were the skilled artisans; at the bottom were the vast majority of field hands, who bore the brunt of the harsh plantation life.Dr.
Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize was born in in Kreuzlingen, Switzerland. He earned his M.S. in Agricultural Sciences from the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule in and his Ph.D.
in Economics from North Carolina State University in The Indian Rebellion of is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, North India's First War of Independence or North India's first struggle for srmvision.com began on 10 May at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army.
Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. HISTORY During the late 17th and early 18th centuries, countries in Europe began to look to the African race as a cheap labor source in developing the new world because attempts to enslave the Indians and poor whites had failed.
In , when the Indian postal department issued a postal stamp to commemorate the Vellore Mutiny of , M. Karunanidhi, the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, said that the move had given "due recognition" to India's "first war of independence". The skull belonged to a soldier who was executed during the uprising against British rule.
although the second one was at, and then moved near (to present Carmel in ), the Spanish capital of California, Monterey. The plan for the spacing of the Missions was not completed until the founding of Santa Inés in