Even after 56 years of Independence, right from the Nehru era to the Vajpayee era, the rural India of today still short of basic amenities, like drinking water, electricity, roads, housing, food and clothing. Once Gandhiji told the renowned author Mr. Mulk Raj Anand that we can't build India unless we build villages. Gandhiji wanted to make the villages independent republics, independent in governance and for routine requirements, governed by the people of the villages and self sufficient for financial needs.
This essay provides information about rural development in India! The concept of rural development is quite comprehensive and extensive. This is considered to be a lop-sided view of understanding rural development. Of late, rural development signifies a complex and long term process involving fundamental transformation of rural society both at social and economic levels.
It represents planned programmes to improve the quality of the life-style of the ruralites. Components of Rural Development: Rural development entails some components. They are as follows: Rural development seeks to transform all the sectors of rural economy — the primary sector, the secondary sector and the tertiary sector.
It is concerned with the improvement of the standard of living of the ruralites through the provision of health and medical facilities, employment opportunities including vocational training, educational facilities etc.
It brings about significant improvement in the socio-economic conditions of the scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, the landless agricultural labourers and the marginal and small fanners.
Essential Aspects of Rural Development: The essential aspects of rural development are as follows: Agricultural development constitutes the crucial aspect of rural development. Agricultural development is possible through the use of better seeds, adequate fertilisers, manures, and pesticides, adequate supply of water and effective implementation of land reform measures.
By effecting changes in the socio-economic institutions, rural development seeks to change the socio-economic structure of the rural community. The effectiveness of the rural development programmes necessitates political non-interference.
The persons associated with these programmes should be given adequate freedom to carry out their plans and programmes with undivided attention. The success of the rural development programmes depends on the co-operative orientation and attitude among the ruralites.
The functioning of the co-operative societies goes a long way in improving the conditions of the vulnerable sections of the rural set-up.
Rural development programmes demand the active participation of the ruralites. While formulating these programmes the opinions, attitudes, drives and interests of the rural people should be taken into account. Further, dedicated and committed village leaders should come forward to guide the masses for bringing about rural development.
It is claimed that the concept of Integrated Rural Development was originally propounded by the World Bank. Subramanyam, the then Finance Minister of India. Further, proper application of science and technology results in the fulfilment of basic social needs.This essay provides information about rural development in India!
The concept of rural development is quite comprehensive and extensive. G. Shah defines rural development as “the development of rural areas, often rural development has meant the extension of irrigation facilities, expansion of electricity, improvement in the techniques of .
rural development policies vs urban development policies.
purpose of this essay is to show that a developing nation can only achieve new levels of growth by implementing both rural and urban development strategies simultaneously, as they converge towards the advancement of the entire country where all citizens of the country benefit from . Definition of Rural Development: Rural development is the betterment in the totality of life for rural people.
According to World Bank (), “Rural development is a strategy designed to improve the economic and social life of .
Even after 56 years of Independence, right from the Nehru era to the Vajpayee era, the rural India of today still short of basic amenities, like drinking water, electricity, roads, housing, food and clothing. Implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development - External website that opens in a new window, National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) - External website that opens in a new window is the flagship programme of the Government that directly touches lives of the poor and promotes inclusive growth.
USDA Launches Webpage Highlighting Resources to Help Rural Communities Bridge the Broadband e-Connectivity Infrastructure Gap View More News Releases >> Contact Information for USDA Rural Development.