History[ edit ] The idea of semantic memory was first introduced following a conference in between Endel Tulvingof the University of Torontoand W. Donaldson on the role of organization in human memory.
Notes Acknowledgments The ideas for this book come from the theoretical and practical work I have been doing for the last ten years. None of that work has been done alone. As a result, the list of people to whom I am indebted makes Oscar night acknowledgments look haiku-terse by comparison.
Here I can mention only a few. I beg pardon for the inevitable omissions. First and foremost, my family has tolerated my eccentricities and fixations and moderated them with gentle and deserved mockery. Then it would be in the public domain, right? I owe the biggest debt of gratitude to my colleague Jennifer Jenkins, who directs the Center and who has influenced every chapter in this book.
David Lange brought me to Duke. His work on the public domain has always been an inspiration to mine. Jerry Reichman has supplied energy, insight, and a spirited and cosmopolitan focus on the multiple ways in which property can be protected.
Jed Purdy and Neil Siegel commented on drafts and provided crucial insights on the construction of my argument. Amidst a brilliant group of research assistants, Jordi Weinstock and David Silverstein stood out.
Jordi showed a dogged ability to track down obscure s songs that was almost scary. Balfour Smith, the coordinator of our Center, shepherded the manuscript through its many drafts with skill and erudition. Duke is the most interdisciplinary university I have ever encountered and so the obligations flow beyond the law school.
Professor Anthony Kelley, a brilliant composer, not only educated me in composition and the history of musical borrowing but co-taught a class on musical borrowing that dramatically influenced Chapter 6. Colleagues in the business school—particularly Jim Anton, a great economic modeler and greater volleyball partner, and Wes Cohen, a leading empiricist—all left their marks.
I was also inspired and informed by colleagues and students in computer science, English, history, and political science. But the work I am describing here is—as the last chapter suggests—something that goes far beyond the boundaries of one institution.
A large group of intellectual property scholars have influenced my ideas. Jessica in particular caught and corrected some of my many errors, while Pam encouraged me to think about the definition of the public domain in ways that have been vital to this book. Michael suggested valuable edits—though I did not always listen.
Historical work by Carla Hesse, Martha Woodmansee, and Mark Rose has been central to my analysis, which also could not have existed but for work on the governance of the commons by Elinor Ostrom, Charlotte Hess, and Carol Rose.
Kembrew McLeod and Siva Vaidhyanathan inspired my work on music and sampling. Peter Jaszi was named in my last book as the person who most influenced it. Beyond the academy, my main debt is to the board members and staff of Creative Commons, Science Commons, and ccLearn.
Creative Commons, on whose board I am proud to have served, is the brainchild of Larry Lessig and Hal Abelson; Science Commons and ccLearn are divisions of Creative Commons that I helped to set up which concentrate on the sciences and on education, respectively.Using data from the AHRQ report, the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER, ) conducted a cost-effectiveness modeling study, assuming that transcranial electrical stimulation and electroconvulsive therapy have equivalent efficacy.
Semantic knowledge has been studied using tasks of word finding (eg, naming and verbal fluency) and concept meaning (eg, vocabulary, attribute ranking, and category knowledge) or tasks of semantic context effects (eg, semantic priming).
6 Impairments of conceptual representations have mostly been tested using verbal or pictorial tasks, but concrete rather than abstract concepts have been addressed. PM Risto Ilmoniemi Towards reliable source detection: advances in MUSIC algorithms; Christophe Grova Analysis of resting state EEG and MEG data using entropic techniques.
Analysis of Semantic Priming in Multiple Sclerosis - Briefly describe the function of myelin and discuss the neuropsychological impact one disorder which causes demyelination Neurons are individual cells that are part of the nervous system. Type or paste a DOI name into the text box.
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Vol.7, No.3, May, Mathematical and Natural Sciences. Study on Bilinear Scheme and Application to Three-dimensional Convective Equation (Itaru Hataue and Yosuke Matsuda). title = "Memory Dysfunction in Multiple Sclerosis: Its Relation to Working Memory, Semantic Encoding, and Implicit Learning", abstract = "Memory disturbance is common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), as previously demonstrated on clinical memory tests . Funding: I.C. is the recipient of a fellowship from Multiple Sclerosis Research Australia (srmvision.com). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Send questions or comments to doi. James Boyle The Public Domain Enclosing the Commons of the Mind. Copyright © by James Boyle. The author has made this online version available under a Creative.