The aims of the current study were to examine the acute effects of KP ingestion on whole-body EE in humans and to analyze its relation to the activity of brown adipose tissue BATa site of non-shivering thermogenesis. To evaluate BAT activity, the subjects underwent fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography, and divided into two groups with high-and low-BAT activities. Placebo ingestion did not cause any significant EE change in either group. These results indicate that a single oral ingestion of the KP extract can potentially increase whole-body EE probably through the activation of BAT in healthy men, and may be useful as an anti-obesity regimen.
Gender is a social construct, a term that has been invented to explain a social and biological distinction between men and women.
The Industrial Revolution changed gender roles which stereotyped men as 'bread winners' and women as home makers. The gender roles established during the Industrial Revolution came to dominate the perceptions of men and women's abilities for the next years.
It was not until the midth century that these gender roles were challenged. Gender roles during the Industrial Revolution Before the Industrial Revolution, men, women and children worked together in cottage industries. Businesses were run from the home. There was little distinction between work and home, and public life and private life.
See image 1 During the Industrial Revolution, every member of the family continued to have a role to play. Men, women and children worked in factories or mills. Women and children were just as valuable to a factory owner as men.
The work was difficult, exhausting and, at time, dangerous.
Gradually, a sharp distinction between work and home emerged. Working hours were long and there was little time for family interaction. As awareness of poor working conditions was raised, government legislation placed restrictions on women and children in industry. Working hours for women were decreased and children were required to attend schools.
It was necessary for someone to care for the children before and after school.
Women were paid less than men. Outside the factories, employment opportunities for women were limited. A combination of these factors saw an increasing number of women leave the workforce and take on the role of homemaker and child carer. Men were paid higher wages and had fewer employment restrictions.
Men became the 'bread winners' of the family. See image 2 Women were confined to the domestic sphere, caring for children and looking after the house.
There were few occupations for women outside the home, and few women were able to receive higher education. A minority of women were engaged in commerce and education.
These two wars relied upon industrial production. With the majority of men serving in the armed forces, governments of industrial countries around the world called upon women to fill jobs in industry.
Women were encouraged to take on roles outside the home. See image 3 Women played an important role in industries, in munitions factories, offices, and manufacturing or repairing weapons and vehicles.
Many women experienced life on the front line where they served as nurses. War nurses were often subject to the same dangers as soldiers.
Other women joined defensive militias and prepared to assist the soldiers overseas.The idea of women's work and women's traditional gender roles in the home remained influential for the majority of women.
See image 5 In the midth century, feminist and women's liberation groups campaigned for political and legal rights for women.
Introduction. Women’s advancement in the workplace has taken significant strides in the past 50 years. Research demonstrates, however, that despite an increased presence of female employees in mid-management positions, executive positions across the globe continue to be dominated by men.
Another issue women face in sport media is a focus on femininity, heterosexuality, and sexism.
Essentially, sport media reinforces patriarchal sovereignty by focusing on female athletes’ femininity and heterosexuality, which serves to degrade their athletic accomplishments and athleticism (9). Provides an introduction to Women's Studies and Gender Studies as fields that place women and gender at the center of inquiry.
Examines topics such as work, family, reproduction, sexuality, politics, art, literature, and contemporary media. It reinforces the importance of Women at work and in this case.
This paper is extremely relevant to the topic of Gender Discrimination and Development and helps understanding the importance and impact of women at workplace. The findings reveal that social stereotypes infiltrate the workplace and that there are latent aspects in the work.
Without a doubt, one of the greatest worldwide changes to characterize the twentieth century was the advance of women in social, political and economic life, gaining access to áreas that were historically denied forthem.