Volume 81, Issue 5NovemberPages Synthetic oxytocin and breastfeeding: Reasons for testing an hypothesis Author links open overlay panel M. Odent Show more Under a Creative Commons license open access Abstract Synthetic oxytocin is widely used in developed countries and in emerging countries as well.
Infants deprived of breast milk are likely to have lower IQ levels, lower educational achievement, and poorer social adjustment than breast-fed infants.
Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Health professionals recommend that breastfeeding begin within the first hour of a baby's life and continue as often and as much as the baby wants. One hypothesis is that rotavirus-specific antibodies and other neutralizing factors present in breast milk may diminish a breastfed infant’s immune responses to a rotavirus vaccine – by lowering the effective titre of vaccine delivered to the infant’s gut. The main goal of the study was to assess the effect of exclusive breastfeeding on the neurodevelopment of children over a seven-year follow-up period and to test the hypothesis that the observed cognitive gain in breastfed children in the first years of life is a strong predictor of their cognitive.
How does breast feed contribute to improving IQ? The nexus between breast-feeding and brain development has been well established in recent years, but the reasons for it remains cloudy. Another group ascribes the benefits to chemicals in breast milk that encourage brain development, and that those chemicals are absent in formula.
In particular, extensive research is under way into the effects of several Omega-3 fatty acids -docosahexaenoic acid DHA and arachidonic acid AA - that are prevalent in breast milk but absent in infant formula.
Some others suggest that the link is based on the fact that well-educated, wealthier women breast-feed far more than poor and less educated women. Consequently, breast-fed children will be found to test better for all the reasons that wealthier children from high social classes test better on standardized tests.
After all these factors were removed, the researchers still found that breast-fed babies tested 3. Formulated milk lack these nutrients.
Apart from, breast milk providing easy digestion, a battery of other benefits include, providing natural antibodies supplement that confer natural passive immunity, helping protect newborns from common childhood ailments, and it is also cheaper compared to infant formula.
Researchers at McGill University found that those who breastfed exclusively for the first three months - with many also extending to 12 months - scored an average of 5. Teachers also rated these children significantly higher academically than control children in both reading and writing. But the researchers were unsure whether it was related to breast milk itself or the bond from breastfeeding.
The study of nearly 14, children is the latest in a series of reports to have found such a positive link. They found that those babies breast-fed for less than a month had an average IQ of Those breast-fed for two to three months had IQs averaging They found breast-feeding beyond nine months had no further benefit for IQ, with the score dropping to A blend of genetic and environmental factors is touted as the cause of higher IQ.
Gene FADS2 located on chromosome 11 helps break down fatty acids from the diet, which have been linked with brain development. This gene is inherited from both parents and it comes in two versions: Children inherit either both C version, one each of C and G, or both G version.
The C version of the FADS2 gene is associated with more efficient processing of the omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids found in breast milk. This may in turn help brain development and function, though the exact link is foggy.
The researchers found that children with the C version of the gene averaged slightly higher IQ scores when breastfed as babies than those who were not breastfed.
This IQ advantage was about 6 to 7 points. Breastfeeding had no effect on children with two of the G version of the gene.
In total, 90 per cent of the children studied had either one or two of the C version of the gene, and 10 per cent had two G versions of the gene. Conclusion Rosie Dodds, of the National Childbirth Trust, says that research underscores the positive impact of breastfeeding.
We now require more evidence to substantiate it.
The findings reflect that genes may work via the environment to shape the IQ, helping to close the nature versus nurture debate.Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast. Health professionals recommend that breastfeeding begin within the first hour of a baby's life and continue as often and as much as the baby wants.
Examining the alternate hypothesis Author: 6 Jul For several years now, studies have emerged showing that breastfed babies often perform better on standardized tests and display higher overall levels of intelligence than their formula-fed counterparts. And since baby formula possesses, at least according to a number of mainstream.
All other things being equal, breastfeeding has health benefits for a newborn baby over formula feeding (bottle feeding), and a long-running public health campaign promoted breastfeeding over . Study Finds Breastfeeding Is Key to Autism Prevention A New-York based researcher has found that breastfeeding baby may help prevent autism.
The research, performed by Gary Steinman, from the Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine, has found that low levels of an insulin-like growth factor (a protein found in babies and adults) could help predict a baby's likelihood of developing autism later in life.
The Problem With Breastfeeding Research That No One is Talking About in that we have erroneously failed to reject the null hypothesis because our groups are made in such a way as to bias our results towards a failure to find any significant differences.
My 1st was a NICU baby and had expressed breastmilk and formula for the first month. The hypothesis is plausible and may be true to a certain extent. Yet a recent study by researchers at McGill University and conducted at a Belarrussian hospital has poked a serious hole in its accuracy, highly suggesting that other factors govern the level of mental development achieved by breastfed and formula fed babies.